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Rural Energy Policy, 2006

4.6 Improved Cook Stove Technology

4.6.1 The public awareness shall be increased on smokeless and fuel-wood efficient improved cook stove.

4.6.2 Emphasis shall be given on research, development and dissemination of household and institutional stoves appropriate for varying geographical and cultural needs.

4.6.3 Activities of technology transfer of improved cook stove in rural areas shall be undertaken.itutional stoves appropriate for varying geographical and cultural needs.

4.6.3 Activities of technology transfer of improved cook stove in rural areas shall be undertaken.

4.7 Improved Water Mill Technology

4.7.1 Arrangement shall be made to provide hulling and grinding services in rural areas by improving the traditional water mills.

4.7.2 Private sector shall be encouraged to manufacture equipments locally for the use in improved water mill.

4.7.2 Electricity production from the improved water mill shall be encouraged.

4.8 Rural Electrification

4.8.1 Arrangement shall be made to enable cooperatives and local bodies to take electricity from national grid on lease.

4.8.2 Arrangement shall be made for wheeling electricity in the national grid for electricity produced by communities, cooperatives and private electricity project.

4.8.3 Rural electrification with users’ participation shall be implemented in their own initiative by safeguarding their interests.

4.8.4 Regarding the maximum use of surplus electricity, arrangements shall be made to increase the consumption of the unused low priced electricity as per  dual tariff system, especially in sectors like agriculture, irrigation, drinking
water, small and cottage industry, ropeway, etc.

 

5 Subsidy Arrangement.

The subsidy rate and disbursement criteria as per the existing renewable (rural) energy subsidy arrangement shall be revised as required in the basis of geographical condition, population, and available resources. Subsidy delivery shall be as per the provisions of the existing subsidy delivery mechanism. The following strategy shall be adopted for this purpose:

5.1 Subsidy shall be arranged by classifying Village Development Committees based on poverty, remoteness, dalit and backward caste and tribes.

5.2 The existing subsidy shall be gradually reduced in accessible areas and areas where it is commercial viable.

5.3 Community management and holistic approach shall be encouraged as may be necessary for the sustainable rural energy development and management.

5.4 Micro hydro projects developed by the user-groups and cooperatives shall be encouraged.

5.5 Poor and backward families shall be identified and provided with additional support for use of rural energy system.

5.6 Necessary arrangement shall be made for encouragement in the feasible areas where there is no biogas.

5.7 The operation of biogas plants with toilet attachment shall be encouraged.

5.8 Development and promotion of briquette, bio-fuel, biomass gasification etc. shall be encouraged.

5.9 Subsidy to solar electricity shall be discouraged in the areas where there is financial and physical feasibility of micro and small hydro.
5.10 Use of solar energy and wind energy shall be encouraged where hydropower is not feasible.

5.11 Necessary arrangement shall be made for development of solar thermal technology in the rural areas.

5.12 Necessary financial support shall be made available for research and development of new technology.

6 Resources Arrangement:

6.1 Resource Mobilization

6.1.1 Arrangement shall be made for investment by District Development Committee in the community micro and mini hydro projects to be constructed in their district through concerned District Energy Fund.

6.1.2 Arrangement shall be made for investment by Village Development Committee in the community micro and mini hydro projects to be constructed in its area through concerned Village Energy Fund.

6.1.3 Development of industries for manufacturing and producing equipments and materials to be used in the rural energy sector shall be encouraged.

6.1.4 The formation of user and community organisations shall be done through community mobilization and arrangement of the representation of women, dalits, Janjatis, disadvantaged (utpidit) and backward groups.6.1.5

6.1.5 Necessary facilitation and assistance shall be provided for registration and renewal of user/community organisations through District Development Committee.

6.1.6 Arrangements shall be made to utilise the fund, collected by levying tax  for this purpose in the sales and distribution of petroleum products, in the rural energy development.

 

6.2 Human Resource Management

6.2.1 Human Resource capacity shall be developed at the central level in Alternative Energy Promotion Centre and at the local level for formulation, management, monitoring and evaluation of rural energy development programmes.

6.2.2 Arrangement shall be made for training and skill development to the rural energy users to operate, maintain and manage the rural energy systems.

7 Coordination Arrangement:

7.1.1 Central level coordination of the rural energy development activities shall becarried by the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre and at local level byconcerned local bodies.

7.1.2 The women’s development, irrigation, drinking water, community saving,health, forests, industries,environmental conservation, road, micro-finance, literacy campaign programmes, which are conducted at the local level shall be implemented by integrating with the rural energy development programmes.

7.1.3 Government, non-government and donor agencies shall be encouraged to collaborate in the capacity building of the District Development Committee for implementation of rural energy prgrammes prioritised in the periodic plan
of the District Development Committee and activities related to districts rural energy master-plan.

8. Monitoring and evaluation Arrangement:

8.1.1 Arrangements shall be made for monitoring and evaluation from Central  level by Alternative Energy Promotion Centre and at local level by concerned local bodies.

8.1.2 Monitoring and evaluation activity shall be strengthened in all level of rural energy development programmes by updating geographic and management information systems.

8.1.3 Rural energy programmes shall be monitored and evaluated based on output oriented indicators.

8.1.4 Energy auditing system shall be developed and implemented.

8.1.5 Arrangements shall be made for rewards and penalty based on monitoring and evaluation.

9. Institutional Arrangement :

9.1 At Central Level

At the central level, Alternative Energy Promotion Centre shall carry out activities related to formulation of rural energy policy and programmes, studies and researches, subsidy disbursements, technical assistance, selection of
companies and organizations installing rural energy systems, donor coordination, monitoring and evaluation etc.

 

9.1.1 Rural Energy Central Coordination Committee

Government of Nepal shall form a Rural Energy Central Coordination Committee under the chairpersonship of member of the National Planning Commission looking after energy sector. The Executive Director of the Alternative Energy Promotion Centre shall be the member secretary of this committee. The formation and operation of this committee shall be as prescribed by the law.

9.1.2 Central Rural Energy Fund

With the objectives for the development, expansion, promotion of rural energy technologies and assist in rural electrification, the existing Rural Energy Fund under Alternative Energy Promotion Centre shall be expanded into Central Rural Energy Fund (CREF). The CREF shall have the fund from the Government of Nepal and other sources. The formation and management working modality of the CREF shall be as prescribed by the Government of
Nepal.

9.2 At District level

Institutional arrangement for rural energy development shall be arranged as prescribed in Local Self Governance Act, 2055 BS. District Energy Fund and Village Energy Fund shalInstitutional arrangement for rural energy development shall be arranged as prescribed in Local Self Governance Act, 2055 BS. District Energy Fund and
Village Energy Fund shall be established to promote and expand rural energy at district and village level, respectively. Formation of this fund shall be as prescribed by the Government of Nepal.l be established to promote and expand rural energy at district and village level, respectively. Formation of this fund shall be as
prescribed by the Government of Nepal.

10 Other Arrangement:

10.1 Arrangement shall be made for community mobilization as may be required for implementation of energy development programme.

10.2 Rural energy systems shall be developed and expanded in the basis of cluster.

10.3 Access to energy shall be increased through different rural energy technologies and grid by preparing district level energy master plan based on district energy potential and requirement. Use of rural energy shall be encouraged in diversifying productive end

10.4 uses for industry, food processing, household equipment, agricultural equipment, irrigation, and drinking water in addition to cooking and lighting uses.

10.5 Except for the edible oil, research and development and dissemination shall be emphasized on oils that can be used as energy from vegetations, fruits and seeds and that are not used traditionally

10.6 As the rural energy is directly linked to activities traditionally carried out by the women, programmes of rural energy technology shall be implemented considering it as an integral part of the women’s enabling activities.

10.7 Fund received from selling greenhouse gas emission reduction sales shall be used for the promotion and development of the rural energy.