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Part-34 Definitions and Interpretations

Definitions and Interpretations

306. Definitions and interpretations:

(1) Unless the subject or the context otherwise
requires, in this Constitution,-

(a) “minorities” means ethnic, linguistic and religious groups whose
population is less than the percentage specified by the Federal law,
and includes groups that have their distinct ethnic, religious or
linguistic characteristics, aspirations to protect such features and
subjected to discrimination and oppression,

(b) “law” means a Federal law, State law and Local law,

(c) “Article” means an article of this Constitution,

(d) “Municipality” means and includes a Municipal Corporation and
Sub-municipal Corporation.

(e) “citizen” means a citizen of Nepal,

(f) “State” means the area and form of a federal unit of Nepal divided
into the Federal units in accordance with this Constitution,

(g) “remuneration” means and includes salary, allowance, pension and
any other form of emolument and facility,

(h) “state power” means the power relating to the Executive, Legislative
and Judiciary of the state, and includes residual power.

(i) “Bill” means a draft of amendment to the Constitution or of an Act
which has been introduced in the Federal Parliament or a State

(j) “Federation” means the federal level that is the apex unit of the
federal structure,

(k) “Federal Units” means the Federation, State and Local levels,

(l) “Constitutional Bodies” means the Commission for the Investigation
of Abuse of Authority, Auditor General, Public Service
Commission, Election Commission, National Human Rights
Commission, National Natural Resources and Fiscal Commission,
National Women Commission, National Dalit Commission, National
Inclusion Commission, Indigenous Nationalities Commission,
Madhesi Commission, Tharu Commission and Muslim Commission,
(m) “marginalized” means communities that are made politically,
economically and socially backward, are unable to enjoy services
and facilities because of discrimination and oppression and of
geographical remoteness or deprived thereof and are in lower status
than the human development standards mentioned in Federal law,
and includes highly marginalized groups and groups on the verge of

(n) “Local level” means the Village Bodies, Municipalities and District
Assemblies to be established in accordance with this Constitution.
(2) Unless the subject or the context otherwise requires, the legal
provisions relating to interpretation of laws shall, subject to the provisions of this
Constitution, apply to the interpretation of this Constitution in the same manner as
that provisions apply to the interpretation of the Nepal laws.


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