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6. Classification of Wetlands and Management Policy:

Wetlands have been classified into three categories management prespectives.5 4
(a) Wetlands that lie within protected areas or buffer zones.

(b) Government or public wetlands that lie outside the protected
areas.

(c) Wetlands in private land.

6.1 Conduct regular studies on the status of wetlands that lie within the protected areas or buffer zones, or the government or public wetlands that lie outside the protected areas, or the wetlands inside private lands, and find out where there is comparatively better conservation and management work.

6.2 Make arrangements to entrust the management responsibilities of wetlands that fall within national parks and wildlife reserves to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation.

6.3 Make arrangements to entrust the management responsibilities of wetlands that fall within the conservation area to the concerned body.

6.4 Formulate necessary legal arrangements to make the wetlands management activities effective by maintaining coordination and integrating the rights and jurisdictions of concerned bodies if the wetlands are being managed by different bodies.

6.5 Determine appropriate models of leasehold wetlands, community wetlands, privately managed wetlands and jointly managed wetlands for the effective conservation and management of public wetlands that lie outside the protected areas, and manage them accordingly.

6.6 Enhance local people’s participation in buffer zone management by promoting the wise use of wetlands resources.

6.7 Grant recognition to private or privately owned wetlands as private wetlands and provide necessary training and technical support to enhance the technical and management capacity of the owners of such wetlands. Also, regulate and systematize the wise and sustainable use of wetlands resources along with the protection of genetic resources, conservation of animals, organisms, and birds that are dependant on wetlands.

6.8 Discourage any activities that could change the land use pattern or degrade wetlands or exert negative impact on wetlands to ensure the conservation of private wetland sites.

6.9 Make necessary arrangements for the equitable distribution of benefits arising from wetlands to local inhabitants who are dependent on wetlands.

6.10 Formulate and implement integrated action plan that encourages multidimensional model and promotes wetlands conservation.

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