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Article 18

  1. Forced or compulsory labour for the transport of persons or goods, such as the labour of porters or boatmen, shall be abolished within the shortest possible period. Meanwhile the competent authority shall promulgate regulations determining, inter alia,

(a)       that such labour shall only be employed for the purpose of facilitating the movement of officials of the                             administration, when on duty , or for the transport of Government stores, or, in cases of very urgent                               necessity, the transport of persons other than officials,

(b)       that the workers so employed shall be medically certified to be physically fit, where medical                                               examination  is possible, and that where such medical examination is not practicable the                                                     person employing such  workers shall be held responsible for ensuring that they are physically fit and                             not suffering from any  infectious or contagious disease,

(c)       the maximum load which these workers may carry ,

(d)       the maximum distance from their homes to which they may be taken,

(e)        the maximum number of day s per month or other period for which they may be taken, including the                               day s spent in returning to their homes, and

(f)        the persons entitled to demand this form of forced or compulsory labour and the extent to which they                              are entitled to demand it.

  1. In fixing the maxima referred to under (c), (d) and (e) in the foregoing paragraph, the competent authority shall have regard to all relevant factors, including the physical development of the population from which the workers are recruited, the nature of the country through which they must travel and the climatic conditions.
  2. The competent authority shall further provide that the normal daily journey of such workers shall not exceed a distance corresponding to an average working day of eight hours, it being understood that account shall be taken not only of the weight to be carried and the distance to be covered, but also of the nature of the road, the season and all other relevant factors, and that, where hours of journey in excess of the normal daily journey are exacted, they shall be remunerated at rates higher than the normal rates.