Part-2 Citizenship

Part-2 Citizenship

Citizenship

10. Not to deprive of citizenship:

(1) No citizen of Nepal may be deprived of the
right to obtain citizenship.

(2) There is a provision of single federal citizenship with State identity
in Nepal.

11. To be citizens of Nepal:

(1) The persons who have obtained the citizenship of
Nepal at the time of commencement of this Constitution and who are qualified to
obtain citizenship in accordance with this Part shall be the citizens of Nepal.

(2) The following person who has his or her permanent domicile in
Nepal at the time of commencement of this Constitution shall be the citizen of
Nepal by descent:

(a) a person who has obtained the citizenship of Nepal by descent prior to
the commencement of this Constitution,

(b) a person whose father or mother was a citizen of Nepal at his or her
birth.

(3) A child of a citizen having obtained the citizenship of Nepal by birth
prior to the commencement of Nepal shall, upon attaining majority, acquire the
citizenship of Nepal by descent if the child’s father and mother both are citizens of
Nepal.

(4) Every minor who is found within Nepal and the whereabouts of
whose father and mother are not known shall, until the father or the mother of the
child is traced, be a citizen of Nepal by descent.

(5) A person who is born in Nepal from a woman who is a citizen of
Nepal and has resided in Nepal and whose father is not traced shall be provided
with the citizenship of Nepal by descent.
Provided that his or her father is held to be a foreign citizen, the citizenship
of such person shall be converted into naturalized citizenship as provided for in
the Federal law.

(6) A foreign woman who has a matrimonial relationship with a citizen
of Nepal may, if she so wishes, acquire the naturalized citizenship of Nepal as
provided for in the Federal law.

(7) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Article, in the
case of a person born from a woman who is a citizen of Nepal and married to a
foreign citizen, the person may acquire the naturalized citizenship of Nepal in
accordance with the Federal law if he or she has permanently resided in Nepal and
has not acquired the citizenship of a foreign country.
Provided that if such person’s mother and father both are citizens of Nepal
at the time of acquisition of citizenship, such person born in Nepal may acquire
the citizenship of Nepal by descent.

(8) In the cases other than those mentioned in this Article, the
Government of Nepal may, in accordance with the Federal law, grant the
naturalized citizenship of Nepal.

(9) The Government of Nepal may, in accordance with the Federal law,
grant the honorary citizenship of Nepal.

(10) Whenever any territory is acquired by way of merger into Nepal, a
person having his or her domicile in such territory shall become a citizen of Nepal,
subject to the Federal law.

12. Citizenship with identity of descent and gender: A person who obtains the
citizenship of Nepal by descent in accordance with this Constitution may obtain a
certificate of citizenship of Nepal with gender identity by the name of his or her
mother or father.

13. Acquisition, reacquisition and termination of citizenship: Other matters
relating to the acquisition, reacquisition and termination of citizenship shall be as
provided for in the Federal law.

14. Power to grant non-resident Nepalese citizenship: The non-residential
citizenship of Nepal may be so granted to a person who has acquired the
citizenship of a foreign country, has resided in a country other than a member state
of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, and who or whose
father or mother, grandfather or grandmother was previously a citizen of Nepal by
decent or birth but subsequently acquired the citizenship of the foreign country
that such person may enjoy economic, social and cultural rights in accordance
with the Federal law.

15. Other provisions relating to citizenship of Nepal: Other matters relating to the
maintenance of records setting out the identity of every citizen of Nepal and the
citizenship of Nepal shall be as provided for in the Federal law.