Part-18 Local Legislature

Part-18 Local Legislature

Local Legislature
221. Legislative powers of Local Level:

(1) The legislative powers of the Local Level
shall be vested in the Village Assembly and the Municipal Assembly, subject to
this Constitution.
(2) The legislative powers of the Village Assembly and the Municipal
Assembly shall be as mentioned in the lists contained in Schedule-8 and Schedule 9.

222. Composition of Village Assembly: (1) Each Village Body shall have a Village
Assembly.

(2) A Village Assembly under clause

(1) shall consist of the
Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson of the Village Executive, Ward Chairpersons,
and four members elected from each ward and Members of the Village Executive
elected from Dalit and minority communities pursuant to clause (4) of Article 215.
(3) A Village Assembly to be formed under clause (1) shall have
representation of at least two women from each ward.

(4) Each ward of a Village Body under the Federal law shall have a
Ward Committee composed of the Ward Chairperson and four members. Such
Ward Chairperson and Ward members shall be elected in accordance with the first
past the post electoral system.

(5) Every person who has completed the age of eighteen years and
whose name is included in the electoral rolls of the Village Bodyshall have a right
to vote as provided for in the Federal law.
(6) A person who has the following qualification shall be qualified to
become a candidate for the office of the Member of the Village Assembly:

(a) being a citizen of Nepal,
(b) having completed the age of twenty one years,
(c) being his or her name included in the electoral rolls of the
Village Body, and
(d) not being disqualified by any law.
(7) Matters relating to the election to the Village Assembly and other
matters pertaining thereto shall be as provided for in the Federal law.

223. Composition of Municipal Assembly: (1) Each Municipality shall have a
Municipal Assembly.

(2) A Municipal Assembly under clause (1) shall consist of the Mayor
and the Deputy Mayor of the Municipal Executive, Ward Chairpersons, and four
members elected from each Ward and members of the Municipal Executive
elected from Dalit or minority communities pursuant to clause (4) of Article 216.

(3) A Municipal Assembly to be formed under clause (1) shall have
representation of at least two women from each Ward.

(4) Each ward of a Municipality shall have a Ward Committee
composed of one Ward Chairperson and four members as provided for in the
Federal law. Such Ward Chairperson and Ward members shall be elected in
accordance with the first past the post electoral system.

(5) Every person who has completed the age of eighteen years and
whose name is included in the electoral rolls of the Municipality shall have a right
to vote as provided for in the Federal law.

(6) A person who has the following qualification shall be qualified to be
a candidate for the office of member of the Municipal Assembly:

(a) being a citizen of Nepal,
(b) having completed the age of twenty one years,
(c) being his or her name included in the electoral rolls of the
Municipality, and
(d) not being disqualified by any law.

(7) Matters relating to the election to the Municipal Assembly and other
matters pertaining thereto shall be as provided for in the Federal law.
224. Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson of Village Assembly and Municipal
Assembly: The Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson of a Village Executive and the
Mayor and Deputy Mayor of a Municipal Executive shall ipso factobe the
Chairperson and Vice-Chairperson of the Village Assembly and the Municipal
Assembly, respectively, and perform functions as such.

225. Term of Village Assembly and Municipal Assembly: The term of a Village
Assembly and of a Municipal Assembly shall be five years for the date of election.
Another Village Assembly and Municipal Assembly shall be elected not later than
six months of the expiration of such a term.

226. Powers to make law:

(1) A Village Assembly and a Municipal Assembly may
make necessary laws on the matters set forth in the Lists contained in Schedule-8
and Schedule-9.
(2) The process for making laws under clause (1) shall be as provided
for in the State Law.

227. Other provisions relating to Village Assembly and Municipal Assembly: Other
matters relating to the conduct of business of a Village Assembly and Municipal
Assembly, rules of procedures of meetings, formation of committees, conditions in
which the office of member falls vacant, facilities receivable by members of the
Village Assembly and Municipal Assembly and employees and offices of the
Village Body and Municipality shall be as provided for in the State law.