Chapter- 18 Committees of the Legislature-Parliament

Chapter- 18 Committees of the Legislature-Parliament

Chapter- 18
Committees of the Legislature-Parliament

108. Committees may be formed:Legislative Committee, Thematic Committees and Special Committees may be formed under the Legislature- Parliament in order to assist in the regular works of the Legislature- Parliament.

109. Legislative Committee:

(1) There shall be a Legislative Committee formed in order to assist the Legislature- Parliament in performing necessary functions relating to regular legislation concerning with the ministry of law, justice, constitution assembly and Parliament Affairs and office of the Attorney General pursuant to Sub-Article (1) of Article 83 of the Constitution.

(2) The Committee pursuant to Sub-Rule (1), shall be business within the business area as a Body of Thematic committee pursuant to Sub-Rule (1) of Rule 110.

(3) The main duty of the Legislative Committee formed pursuant to Sub-rule (1) shall be to submit report to the House regarding the Ministry of Law, Justice, Constitution Assembly and Parliament Affairs and office of the Attorney  General having had Clause-by- Clause discussions on the  Bills introduced in the Legislature-Parliament.

(4) The Legislative Committee shall comprise of fifty- one Members in maximum and while forming such a Committee, attention shall be paid to proportional  representation based on presence of women, indigenous/tribal people, Madhesi, Dalit,Muslim backward  regions, Khas-Aarya, Minorities and other communities in  the House, having made representation of all political parties  representing in the Legislative-Parliament.

(5) The Speaker shall introduce the motion relating to formation of the Legislative Committee in the House for approval.

(6) The Members of the Legislative Committee shall elect a Chairperson from among themselves.

(7) The Minister for Law, Justice Constituent Assembly and Parliament Affairs shall be an ex-official  Member of the Legislative Committee and also shall be ex- official Member of each subject committee for in performing  necessary functions relating to regular legislation pursuant  to Sub-Article (1) of Article 83 of the Constitution.

(8) The tenure of the Legislative Committee shall be as long as the tenure of the House.

(9) Other procedures of the Legislative Committee shall be as determined by the Committee itself.

110. Thematic Committees:

There shall be following Committees in the Legislative-Parliament pursuant to Article 58 of the Constitution to make the government responsible to the Legislature-Parliament and as provide necessary direction and suggestion to the government, having made evaluation and monitoring the activities of the government made in the past and being made at present. The name and scope of each Committee shall be as follows:-

S.N  Name of Committee    Working Areas

1  Finance Committee     Ministry of Finance, Ministry of  Co-operatives and Poverty Alleviation and National Planning Commission
2  International Relations and Labor Committee Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Labor and Employment, Ministry of Cultural, Tourism and Civil Aviation.

3  Industry, commerce and consumer Welfare Committee Ministry of Industries, Ministry of Commerce and Supplies, Relating to Protect of Consumer Welfare.
4  Social Justice and Human Rights Committee Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction, National Human Rights Commission and Relating to Human Rights
5  Agriculture and Water Resources Committee Ministry of Energy, Ministry of Irrigation, Ministry of Agriculture Development and Ministry of Land Reform and Management.
6  Development Committee Ministry of Physical  Infrastructure and Transport, Ministry of Federal and Local Development and Ministry of  Information and Communication.
7  Committee on Women, Ministry of Women, Children and  Children, Senior citizen and  Social Welfare Social Welfare, Ministry of  Education, Ministry of Health  and Population, Ministry of Youths and Sports.
8  State Affairs Committee Ministry of Home Affairs,  Ministry of Defense, Ministry of  general Administration, Public  Services Commission and  Election Commission.
9  Environment Protection  Committee  Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Ministry of Environment, Science and  Technology and Ministry of  Urban Development.
10  Public Accounts Committee Public Accounts and Report of the Auditor General
11  Good Governance and  Monitoring Committee Office of the Prime Minister and council and Commission for the  Investigation of Abuse of  Authority

(3)Formulated Thematic Committee pursuant to Sub- Rule(1), except on the subject to be a section wise discussion in legislature committee, Upon the Bill relating  to the Organ of Constitution and Ministry which matter is within the business area of such committee submission  the report to the House.

111. Additional Subjects to be assigned:

The Speaker shall assign the subjects not included in Rule 110 to the  Committee, which he/she deems to be appropriate.

112. Formation of Subject Specialized Committees:

(1) The Speaker shall nominate a maximum of Fifty one Members  excluding the ex-officio Members to the Committees referred to in Rule 110 having obtained approval of the Legislature-Parliament.

(2) The Prime Minister shall be an ex-officio Member of all Committees and the Minister concerned with the areas
of the Committee shall be an ex-officio Member of the concerned Committee.

(3) While nominating Members to the Committees, attention shall be paid to the number of political parties representing to the House and proportional representation of women, indigenous/tribal people, Madhesi, Dalit, Muslim, backward regions, Khas Aarya and other communities.

(4) Except the Minister, a Member could not become a  Member of more than one Committee at the same time.

(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in Sub-rule.

(4), in case any Member desires to attend and take part in the sitting of the Committee in which he/she is not a Member, he/she may do so having given prior information of the same at least one day in advance. Provided that, he/she shall not have voting right in such a sitting.

113. Election of Chairperson:

(1) Except otherwise provided  for in this Chapter, in each Committee under this Chapter the  election of the Chairperson shall be held on the day allotted by the Speaker and the Secretary General or Secretary shall publicize the information thereof at least 48 hours in  advance.

(2) A Member may propose another Member to be  elected as Chairperson having seconded by another Member within Five o’clock in the afternoon of the day before the day of election and shall give the notice of the same to the General-Secretary or Secretary. Such a notice shall contain  an undertaking of the proposed Member that “if elected, I agree to work as a Chairperson.”

(3) Once the proposing Member presents the notice of  the proposal pursuant to Sub-rule (2) to the Committee, the seconding Member shall second the proposal.

(4) If only one notice of such proposal is received pursuant to Sub-rule (2), the then presiding Member shall announce the election of the proposed Member unopposed after the conclusion of the supporting Member’s statement. In case of receipt of more than one proposal, all proposals shall be discussed in turn, and after the statements by the  respective proposing Members, the then-presiding Member shall then submit all proposals to the Committee for a final decision.

(5) While submitting the proposal for decision  pursuant to Sub-rule (4), Members in favor of the proposal shall be asked to say “Yes”, while those against shall be asked to say “No”, and thereafter the Member who receives a simple majority shall be declared to have been elected as  Chairperson.

(6) When one of the many proposals submitted for decision pursuant to Sub-rule (4) has already been approved, the proposed Member shall be deemed to have been elected  as Chairperson and the rest of the proposals shall not be submitted for decision.

(7) The then-presiding Member shall also have a right  to vote. In case of tie of votes, a lottery system shall be followed.

(8) The ex-officio Member shall be entitled to cast  vote in the Committee to which he/she is a Member and he/she shall furnish the notice as to in which Committee will he/she exercise voting right to the Speaker within twenty- four hours from the date of publication of the notice of election. Provided that, an ex-officio Member not being the  Member of the Legislature-Parliament shall not have voting right thereto.

(9) No Minister shall be allowed to be elected as Chairperson and shall be entitled to preside over Committee sittings.

(10) In the absence of a Chairperson, the eldest  Member of the Committee present thereto shall preside over the Committee sittings.

(11) In case the eldest Member has been proposed for  Chairperson, the second eldest Member present shall preside  over the Committee sittings.

(12) The elected Committee Chairperson shall take an  oath of office in the presence of the Speaker pursuant to Annex-3.

114. Tenure of Subject Specialized Committees and Circumstances in which Office of Chairperson and Member falls vacant:

(1) The tenure of each of the  Committees referred to in Rule 110 shall be for the tenure of the Legislature-Parliament.Provided that, the Speaker may, having obtained  approval of the Legislature-Parliament, alter the Members.

(2) The office of the Chairperson of the Committee may fall vacant in any of the following circumstances:-

(a) In case he/she is no longer a Member of the Legislature- Parliament;

(b) In case he/she becomes a Minister;

(c) In case he/she resigns;

(d) In case Two Third majorities of the Members of the concerned Committee passes a resolution that one has not fulfilled the responsibility of his / her office with honesty.

(3) The office of a Member of the Committee shall fall vacant in any of the following circumstances:-

(a) In case one is no longer a Member of the Legislature- Parliament;

(b) In case one becomes a Minister;

(c) In case own resigns from the member of committee

(d) In case one is no longer a Member due to alteration pursuant to Sub-rule (1).

(4) In case the office of the Chairperson of the Committee and the office of a Member of the Committee falls vacant, it shall be fulfilled pursuant to Rule 113 and  Sub-rule (1) of Rule 112 respectively.

(5) In case the office of the Chairperson of the Committee falls vacant, it shall be fulfilled within one month of the date of convening the sitting of the House or the Committee.

115. Functions, Duties and Powers of the Thematic Committees:

(1) Subject to its working area, the functions, duties and powers of each of the Thematic Committees shall be as follows:-

(a) To evaluate the policy and programmers, resource  mobilization, management, and other similar activities of the Ministries, Departments and the offices there  under and to give necessary directives to the concerned bodies and to introduce an annual report along with  appropriate comments, recommendations and directives to the House;

(b) To check the estimates relating to revenue and  expenditure of the Ministries, Departments and the  offices there under and to give necessary directives to  the concerned bodies on the methods of preparing the  annual estimates, the alternate policy that could be adopted instead of the current policy in annual  estimates and the savings that could be made on the  amount of annual estimates, and to introduce an annual  report along with its opinions to the House;

(c) To give necessary directives to the concerned bodies having studied on the measures taken by the Government of Nepal in order to fulfill the assurances given from time to time by the Members of the Council  of Ministers on behalf of the Government, and to introduce a report to the House;

(d) To conduct studies, monitoring and evaluation on  whether or not the public property of a government body concerned with the subject has been misused and to give necessary directives, and to introduce a report to the House;

(e) To give necessary directives to the concerned bodies  having had discussion on the functions and activities under the prevailing Acts and Rules;

(f) To monitor on the implementation of the reports of the  Investigation commissions / Committees and probe commissions/Committees to be formed by the government from time to time, and to give necessary opinions, advice, and directives;

(g) To carry out other functions as assigned by the House;

(h) To launch its programmes subject to the budget and programmes approved by the speaker on the recommendation of the Committee; and

(i) While performing the functions referred to in the Clauses above, to exchange ideas with the  representatives of the concerned Ministries and Departments and with the experts on the subjects.

(2) The Good governance and Monitoring Committee  shall consider on the annual reports of the functions carried out by the Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority and the memorandum submitted by the Government of Nepal on to the Committee and shall conduct an evaluation and inquiry on whether or not the activities carried out by the concerned bodies are as per laws and are carried out in satisfactory manner, and it may give necessary directives to the concerned bodies and submit a report to the House.

(3)The Public Accounts Committee shall check the  unsettled amounts referred to in the Annual Report of the Auditor General submitted to the Legislature-Parliament and shall study and decide on the activities of the Auditor General and decide on whether or not the actions and activities conducted by the concerned bodies on the report of the Auditor General are as per the laws and are carried out in meaningful manner and check the public accounts of other public bodies, and introduce report to the House before submission of the annual estimates.

(4) The State affair Committee shall consider on the annual reports of the functions carried out by the Election Commission and Public Service Commission and the memorandum submitted by the Government of Nepal on to the Committee and shall conduct an evaluation and inquiry on whether or not the activities carried out by the concerned bodies are as per laws and are carried out in satisfactory manner, and it may give necessary directives to the concerned bodies and submit a report to the House.

(5) Committee on Social Justice and Human Rights shall conduct monitoring and evaluation on the implementation of the comprehensive peace accord referred to in the Constitution and on the relief to be provided and rehabilitation works to be carried out by the government to the families of the deceased or disappeared persons and persons rendered Disabled or displaced in the course of the armed conflict, and it may give necessary directives to the Government of Nepal and shall conduct upon the annual report of National Human Right Commission, having stated the following matters:

(a) Whether or not desirable progress has been made in   honoring, protecting and promoting human rights and securing its effective implementation?

(b) Whether or not the violators of human rights could have been brought to justice?

(c) Whether or not the activities in raising awareness of human rights are satisfactory?

(d) Whether or not the status of implementation of international human rights instruments to which Nepal is a party is satisfactory?

(e) What sort of policies or working procedures need to be developed to effectively implement the aforesaid activities?

(6) Legislature Committee shall conduct upon the  annual report of office of the Attorney General, having stated the following matters:-

(a) Whether or not functions have been performed as per laws and in satisfactory manner in regard to investigation, appeal and withdrawal of the cases in which the state has become a party, practice by government lawyers in the cases in which the state has become a party, humane treatment with the accused
persons detained in the custody including Sitting with lawyers and family relatives; and

(b) Whether or not the judicial precedents or interpretations laid down by the Supreme Court have been implemented effectively?

(7) Thematic Committees may make necessary working procedure and work schedule the business area of the offices there under for the sake of the well manage of responsibility.

(8) In the course of performing the functions of the Committee, the Members may visit to necessary places with a prior approval of the speaker.

(9) The annual reports to be submitted by the Committees to the House under this Rule shall be submitted before submission of the annual estimates, and other reports may be submitted at any time.

116. Special Committees:

(1) There shall be Security Special Committee, Parliamentary Hearing Special Committee, Privilege Committee and other Special Committee as may be necessary.

(2) In case of need of forming a Special Committee other than those referred to in Rules 117 and 118, the Speaker shall submit to the House a motion along with the functions of such a Committee, its term of office and the names of the Members to be comprised in such Committee.

117. Security Special Committee:

(1) Except in cases where  the Nepalese Army has been mobilized for the reason of occurrence of a natural calamity as referred to in Sub-Article (5) of Article 145 of the Constitution, there shall be a Security Special Committee in the Legislature-Parliament for the purpose of approving the decision of the Council of Ministers, Government of Nepal to mobilize the Nepalese Army.

(2) In the Committee to be formed pursuant to Sub-rule (1), there shall be altogether eighty-one Members in maximum comprising of the Prime Minister, Defense inister, Home Minister, three Ministers designated by the Prime Minister in the National Security Council as referred to in Sub-Article (1) of Article 145 of the Constitution, the Chairperson of the State Affairs Committee, along with representatives of all political parties representing to the House having regard to proportional representation on the  basis of presence in the House of women, indigenous/tribal people, Madhesi, Dalit, backward regions and other  communities. In special circumstances, the Speaker may alter the Members as may be necessary on the recommendation of the Conduct of Business Advisory

(3) The Speaker and Deputy Speaker shall be the ex- officio Chairperson and vice Chairperson of the Committee.
(4) The term of office of the Committee shall be up to   the term of the Legislature-Parliament.
(5) The office of a Member of the Committee may fall vacant in any of the following circumstances:-
(a) In case he/she is no longer a Member of the Legislature- Parliament;
(b) In case he/she resigns from the office of a Committee  Member;
(c) In case one is no longer a Member due to alteration  pursuant to Sub-rule (2).
(6) The Prime Minister shall introduce in the Sitting  the motion relating to mobilization of the army.
(7) The Chairperson shall call Sitting as may be necessary in order to have discussion on the motion introduced pursuant to Sub-rule (6). Presence of majority  Members is necessary to hold the Sitting of a Committee.
(8) Decision of majority of the Members present in the Sitting shall be deemed to be the decision of the Committee. In case of equal division of votes, the vote of the   Chairperson shall be decisive.
(9) With a condition of completing the discussion and of making decision on the motion introduced pursuant to Sub-rule (6) within 30 days of the date of mobilization of the army, other procedures of the Committee shall be as determined by the Committee itself.
(10) The report along with the decision made pursuant to Sub-rule (8) shall be submitted to the House as soon as possible.

118. Parliamentary Hearing Special Committees:

(1) There  shall be a Parliamentary Hearing Special Committee in the Legislature-Parliament for conducting parliamentary hearing with regard to the names proposed for appointment of the  justices of the Supreme Court, Ambassadors and the Constitutional positions, which are appointed on the recommendation of the Constitutional Council.

(2) In the Committee referred to in Sub-rule (1), there shall be seventy five Members in maximum nominated by the House having regard to proportional representation on the basis of presence in the House of women, indigenous/tribal people, Madhesi, Dalit, backward regions and other communities having made representation of all political parties representing to the House. In special circumstances, Members may be altered as may be necessary on the  recommendation of the Conduct of Business Advisory Committee.

(3) The Members of the Committee shall elect one Chairperson from among themselves. In absence of the Chairperson, the eldest Member of the Committee shall preside over the sitting.
(4) The tenure of the Member shall be for the tenure of the Legislature-Parliament.

(5) The office of a Member of the Committee may fall vacant in any of the following circumstances:-

(a) In case he/she is no longer a Member of the Legislature- Parliament;
(b) In case he/she resigns from the office of a Committee Member;
(c) In case one is no longer a Member due to alteration   pursuant to Sub-rule (2).

119. Procedures Relating to Hearing:

(1) While  recommending or appointing to any of the following vacant offices, the concerned body shall have to send to the Committee having recommended the names of probable candidates for parliamentary hearing:-
(a) Chief Justice and Justices of the Supreme Court;
(b) Chief Commissioner and Commissioners of the  Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority;
(c) Auditor General;
(d) Chairperson and Members of the Public Services Commission;
(e) Chief Commissioner and Commissioners of the Election Commission;
(f) Chairperson and Members of the National Human Rights Commission;
(g) Ambassadors. Provided that, in a matter mention in this Rule, any offices has to hearing by the Parliamentary, the process of appointment commencing before the falls vacant, there shall be no hindrance sent to the Committee from the concern body for hearing the such offices for appointing the name of proposed candidacy.

(2) Upon receipt the name list pursuant to Sub-rule (1), the Committee shall conduct hearing within Thirty five days of the date of receipt of the letter from the concerned body and send its report to the concerned body having prepared the opinion of the Committee for the concerned office. The Committee could not send its decision to the concerned body within the time, there shall be no hindrance in appointing to the office sent for consultation.

(3) In case the proposed name has not been rejected by opinion of the Committee referred to in Sub-rule (2), the concerned body shall appoint them in concerned offices and shall be sent such information to the Committee.

(4) The Chairperson shall call the sitting of the  Committee as may be necessary. In order for holding the sitting of the Committee, the presence of one- third Members of the total number of Members shall be mandatory.

(5) In case receipt the name of the proposed candidacy  pursuant to Sub-Rule (1), has not been rejected by Two Third majority of the total number of Member deemed to be  ratify. Provided that, in case if any proposed candidacy has been rejected by Two-Third majority of the total number of Member, the actions taken in the Committee with regard to  the name received for hearing, the documents received to the  Committee and other description shall be sent to the  concerned body as soon as possible.

(6) The report along with decision made pursuant to Sub-rule (2) shall be submitted to the House as soon as possible. In case there is no sitting of the House or it is not in session, it shall be submitted to the Speaker and be submitted to the sitting held thereafter.

(7) Other proceedings of the Committee shall be as  determined by the Committee itself.

120. Sitting of Committee:

(1) Except otherwise provided for in this Chapter, the concerned Committee Chairperson may call  the sittings of the Committees under this Chapter.

(2) The Chairperson or in he/she absence, the Member selected from among the Members themselves shall preside over the sittings of the Committee. In case the person selected by the Members has presided over the sitting, the information thereof shall be given to the Speaker.

(3) While presiding over a sitting by the person selected from among the Members pursuant to Sub-rule (2), he/she may exercise all powers vested in the Chairperson.

(4) In case a sitting of the Committee or sub- Committee has to be held outside the premises of the Parliament building, a written permission of the Speaker  shall have to be obtained.

121. Quorum:

(1) Except otherwise provided for in this Chapter, the quorum of a Committee shall be One Fourth of the total number of Members.

(2) In case no quorum is constituted in the sitting of a  Committee, the Chairperson may suspend the functions of the sitting until the quorum is constituted or adjourn the sitting for another time or day.

(3) In case a sitting of the Committee has to be  adjourned for a consecutive two times for lack of quorum the Chairperson shall furnish the information thereof to the Speaker.

122. Actions on Consecutive Absence:

The Member who has been absent for a consecutive five times in sittings of the  Committee without permission of the Chairperson, the  Speaker may remove such Member from such Committee on  the recommendation of the Chairperson and information hereof shall be furnished to the House as well.

123. Decision of the Committee:

(1) Except otherwise  provided for in this Chapter, the decision of majority of the  Members present in the sitting shall be deemed to be the decision of the Committee, and in the event of equal division  of the votes, the Chairperson shall exercise a casting vote.

(2) The decision of a sitting of the Committee shall be authenticated by the Chairperson.

124. Formation of Sub-Committees:

(1) In case the Chairperson deems appropriate, he/she may form sub- Committees comprising of the Members of the Committee in order to conduct the internal proceedings or to submit report having studied on the subjects within the purview of the  Committee.

(2) While forming a sub-Committee, the terms of  reference of the sub- Committee and the time limit for completion of the works shall also be specified.

(3) In case the sub-Committee Members have to visit any place for Sub-mitting report having studied any subject matter, a prior approval of the Speaker shall be obtained through the Chairperson.

125. Entrance of Concerned Official or Expert:

(1) In case the concerned Minister deems necessary having regard to the nature of the subject matter, he/she may, having obtained permission of the Chairperson, take the concerned official of  the Government of Nepal or an expert on the subject to sitting while having discussion on any subject in the Committee. It shall be the duty of the concerned official or expert to be present in the sitting and give clear information on necessary matters.

(2) In case the Committee deems necessary, it may have discussion having invited the representatives of the concerned party or interest group and experts.

(3) It shall be the duty of such representatives of the concerned party or interest group and experts to be present in the Committee pursuant to Sub-rule (2).

126. Discussion to be Made Short:

Whether or not the time is allocated for having discussion, in case the Chairperson deems that the discussion in the Committee is going to be long unnecessarily, he/she may shorten the discussion.

127. Powers to call for Submission of Documents and Presence of Any Person or Officials:

(1) The Committee may call for submission of documents or require the presence of any person or official in connection with its business. Provided that, in case the Minister deems that it would  be detrimental to national security, peace and order or public or national interest if such a document is submitted, the  Minister shall inform the Committee stating the reasons thereof. The decision of the Committee shall be final in this

(2) The Committee may take statement or record the  statement from the person or official caused to appear pursuant to Sub-rule (1).

128. Committee Report:

(1) The Chairperson or the Member assigned by the Speaker during the Chairperson’s absence shall submit the report of the Committee to the House.

(2) While submitting the report, the Chairperson or the Member may give a short statement about the report, if he/she so desires.

(3) The concerned Minister shall implement the report submitted to the House.

(4) The Committee may submit a report to the House having conducted monitoring and evaluation of the implementation or non-implementation of its annual report.

(5) The Chairperson of the concerned Committee shall, within Two days of the date of submission of such report to the House, give notice to the Speaker for having discussion on the monitoring and evaluation report referred to in Sub- rule (4) and the report submitted by the Committee on the subject assigned by the House.

(6) Upon receipt of the report referred to in Sub-rule

(5), the Speaker shall give permission to the Chairperson of the concerned Committee to submit the report for discussion in any sitting to be held at any time after Two days.

(7) The concerned Committee’s Chairperson may  deliver a short statement while submitting the proposal. Thereafter, the Speaker shall fix the duration of time for  discussion.

(8) Discussion is said to have come to an end after the  concerned Minister gives replies to the questions raised during the discussion.

129. Maintenance of Order and Discipline in the Committee:

(1) The Committee Chairperson shall have all powers as exercised by the Speaker in order to maintain peace and order as well as discipline in order for the smooth running of Committee sittings. Provided that, if any Member is expelled or suspended, he/she shall not be considered to be expelled or suspended from other Committee of the Legislature-Parliament.

(2) While exercising the powers mentioned in Sub-rule   (1), if any Member is suspended or expelled, the Chairperson shall inform the matter to the Speaker.

130. Informing About Absence:

Any Member remaining absent  for Five consecutive sittings shall have to furnish the reasons therefor to the Chairperson and in case of the absence of the longer time, the information thereof shall be given to the Speaker and get it approved by the Speaker.

131. Secretariat of the Committees:

(1) There shall be a Secretariat for each Committee under the Legislature- Parliament Secretariat.

(2) The Secretary shall be an ex-officio Secretary of  each Committee.

(3) The Secretary may assign any officer under him/her to function as Secretary of any Committee of the Legislature-Parliament. Provided that, this Rule shall not be deemed to have barred the Secretary-General to assign an officer under him  to act as Secretary of the Committee in case the office of the  Secretary falls vacant.

(4) The Secretary may, in order to assist in the functioning of the Committee, make necessary correspondence with the concerned Ministry, Department, or any agency.

132. Opinion may be given:

The Secretary General and the Secretary may, with a permission of the Chairperson, express their opinion on the subject under consideration in the sitting.

133. Not to Take Part in Discussion and Decision:

In case any Member has his personal interest associated with any subject that is under consideration of any  committee, such Member shall not take part in the discussion and decision on  the subject.

134. Decision on Jurisdiction of Committee:

If questions are raised regarding the jurisdiction of a Committee, the decision of the Speaker shall be final.

135. Sittings of Committee Chairpersons:

Sittings of the  Committee Chairpersons shall be held from time to time to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of the Committees under the chairperson-ship of the Speaker as necessary. The Committee secretaries may also take part in such sittings.

136. Publication and Inquiry of Rules and Orders:

The Rules, Bylaws, and the orders or notices issued under the authority delegated by the House shall be published in the Nepal Gazette and the concerned Minister shall make available six hundred and one copies of such Rules, Bylaws, and the orders or notices to the Legislature- Parliament secretariat. The concerned Committee shall conduct an inquiry and study about Rules, Bylaws, and the orders or notices, and shall submit report in the House.