10. Strategies for Policy Implementation

10. Strategies for Policy Implementation


  • To facilitate the integration of biodiversity considerations into national and sectoral planning with a greater flexibility
  • Develop a comprehensive strategy that co-ordinates various stakeholders in wildlife, forestry, tourism, agriculture, and community development to prioritise the conservation needs of the country.
  • Depute the human resources of the Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation to priority areas.
  • Plan for and rapidly implement community forestry according to the principles of decentralisation.
  • Allocate more human resources to productive technical forestry work than to formal administrative tasks.
  • Continuously monitor and evaluate the targets and achievements of the programs of MFSC at different organisational levels.
  • Continuously improve working techniques and strategies by systematic research and development.
  • Develop clear job descriptions and work plans, and then develop systematic staff training programs.


Improve the Policy, Legal, and Institutional Framework

  • Implement a forest policy that ensures the optimum use of natural resources in the present, but at the same time preserves the potential of those resources to benefit future generations.
  • Adopt a policy to help improve the life of poor people who earn their livelihood from the forests or from cultivating sub-marginal land.
  • Continue the master planning process while updating policy and making legal and institutional arrangements.
  • Reorganise the existing institutions in order to make them capable of implementing the proposed programs efficiently and effectively.
  • Finalise recently started the reorganisation of the MFSC in order to meet the challenges of the decentralisation policy and to fulfil increasing production targets.
  • Ensure the functional integration of research and development in the departments of the MFSC so that each benefits from co-operation and firm leadership.
  • Strengthen the different district and regional level organisations of the MFSC. Delegate to them full authority to conduct silvicultural and all other field operations.


Train Sufficient, Motivated and Competent Manpower

  • Use target-oriented planning to develop manpower that can and will assume the responsibilities of the forestry sector.
  • Give manpower and training needs priority when launching development programs and organising systematic orientation training.
  • Optimise the use of national campuses and the institutions of friendly countries.
  • Radically improve the training capabilities of the MFSC and university-level forestry and environmental education.
  • Provide vocational training in forest management, harvesting, and the processing of wood-based products.
  • Implement an active, objective and just personnel policy, which includes strict enforcement of the criteria fixed for transfers and for nomination to long-term training programs.
  • Gradually increase the income of the staff of the MFSC so that a reasonable standard of living can be attained. Income should include salary, substantial allowances, and other post-related benefits.
  • Create a strong work ethic in all segments of the sector.


Prioritise Development Programs, and Institutionalise Adaptive Management and Action Research

  • Define the criteria which determine priority
  • Implement the Master Plan programs, continue the master planning process, and review priorities.
  • Establish effective planning, monitoring and evaluation capabilities at selected organisational levels in the MFSC. Prepare and implement district forestry development plans promptly.
  • Concentrate the research and development resources of the MFSC on determining and serving priority needs with an emphasis on action research and adaptive management.
  • Establish a regular mechanism of co-ordination and co-operation with which to prioritise and monitor development programs.
  • Utilise Geographic Information System (GIS), remote sensing and other high-tech approaches for instituting an effective management information system.


Encourage the Participation of Villagers, local Government Bodies and Non-Government Organisations as Collaborators

  • Widely disseminate information on forestry development programs.
  • Educate consumers about the proper and economic utilisation of forest products.
  • Support the private sector in the production of tree seedlings and in planting and forestry development activities.
  • Establish demonstration areas.
  • Ensure that local people benefit if they protect natural forests or plantations.
  • Involve political parties and mass organisations in forestry development.
  • Involve DDCs and VDCs as partners in collaborative forest management in the Terai and the inner Terai.
  • Actively encourage and involve non-government organisations to help implement forestry development programs.
  • Review the incentives and disincentives to increased participation in forestry programs.
  • Encourage local ownership and management of forestry resources.
  • Monitor the policy implementation with a view to bringing improvements to the implementation of forestry sector programs.
  • Analyse regularly the forestry sector policy and suggest improvements.
  • Ensure that the policy is in line with HMG/N policy and national planning processes.