Chapter-1 Preliminary

1. Short title and commencement:
(1) This Act may be called the Motor Vehicles and Transport Management Act, 1993. (2) It shall come into force immediately.

2. Definitions: In this Act, unless the subject or the context otherwise requires,-
(a) “motor vehicle” means any mechanically propelled vehicle plying on the road;
(b) “motor vehicle weight” means the total weight of a motor vehicle; Explanation: “total weight” means such gross laden weight of a motor vehicle as mentioned in the motor vehicle registration certificate including the engine, chassis, other parts and equipment of such a motor vehicle.
(c) “heavy motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 3;

(d) “medium motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 4;
(e) “light motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 5;
(f) “public motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle used in the transport service;
(g) “transport service” means the transportation by a public motor vehicle of passengers or goods from one place to another in consideration of fares;
(h) “fares” means sums or charges receivable by a public motor vehicle for the provision of the transport service;

(i) “tourist motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 7;
(j) “private motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 8;
(k) “government motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 9;
(l) “corporation motor vehicle” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 10;
(m) “motor vehicle with diplomatic facility” means a motor vehicle referred to in Section 11;
(n) “passenger” means a person who travels by a public motor vehicle;
(o) “cargo” means livestock, birds and any non-living things carried by a public motor vehicle, except a human being;
(p) “passenger motor vehicle” means a public motor vehicle providing the transport service to passengers;
(q) “cargo motor vehicle” means a public motor vehicle used in the transportation of goods;
(r) “registration certificate” means the motor vehicle registration certificate issued upon the registration of a motor vehicle pursuant to Section 16;
(s) “driver” means a person who has obtained the motor vehicle driving license;
(t) “driving license” means the motor vehicle driving license issued by the competent authority pursuant to Section 50;
(u) “conductor” means a person who has obtained the conductor’s license pursuant to Section 67 and this term includes other checker and helper who work in the motor vehicle;
(v) “security personnel” means an employee who is responsible for the security of passengers, goods and motor vehicles.

(w) “public place” means a public road, belt, street, river, bridge, path or a place where general public make movement and stay, and this term includes any place specified for the getting on and getting off motor vehicles by passengers or parking motor vehicles;
(x) “parking place” means a place specified for parking motor vehicles;
(y) “bus stop” means a place specified for passengers to get on and get off passenger public motor vehicles for the purpose of making a journey;
(z) “route” means a road specified for plying public motor vehicles;
(aa) “long route” means a route with a distance of two hundred fifty kilometers or more from a point of departure for a journey to that of destination;
(ab) “medium route” means a route with a distance of more than one hundred kilometers but less than two hundred fifty kilometers from a point of departure for a journey to that of destination;
(ac) “short route” means a route with a distance of twenty five to one hundred kilometers from a point of departure for a journey to that of destination;
(ad) “local route” means a route with a distance of less than twenty five kilometers from a point of departure for a journey to that of destination;

(ae) “route permit” means the permit obtained pursuant to Section 77 to ply a motor vehicle on the approved route;
(af) “test certificate” means a certificate issued upon testing the mechanical condition of a public motor vehicle;
(ag) “insurance” means the insurance required to be procured by a motor vehicle owner or manager in relation to the motor vehicles, passengers, goods, drivers, conductors, security personnel, other employees working on the motor vehicles and the third parties, and this term includes a comprehensive insurance policy to be made in that respect;

(ah) “owner of motor vehicle” means a person, firm, company or other corporate body who is specified as the owner of a motor vehicle in the motor vehicle registration certificate;
(ai) “manager” means a person who is responsible for the systematic operation of a public motor vehicle engaged in the registered transportation service;
(aj) “passenger baggage” means the personal belongings of a passenger which are taken by him or her on a journey;
(ak) “traffic signs” means all information, signals or signs given by the police or one driver to another, and this term includes all notices, signals or marking posted or placed or installed, in written or symbolic forms, for the guidance or direction of motor vehicles;
(al) “pollution” means sound and noise pollution emitted from a motor vehicle;
(am) “Department” means the Government of Nepal, Ministry of Labor and Transport Management, Department of Transport Management;
(an) “competent authority” means the chief of the Transport Management Office;

(ao) “management committee” means the transport management committee formed pursuant to Section 154;
(ap) “examination committee” means the examination committee formed pursuant to Section 156;
(aq) “transport inspector” means person appointed pursuant to Section 157;
(ar) “training center” means a motor vehicle training center recognized by the Department pursuant to Section 159;
(as) “area” means such an area specified as to fall under the territorial jurisdiction of the Transport Management Office; and
(at) “prescribed” or “as prescribed” means prescribed or as prescribed by this Act or the Rules framed hereunder or a notified order issued by a notification in the Nepal Gazette.